Mission Details

Mission Name: Luna 22
Mission Type: Lunar Orbiter
Operator: Soviet Union (Roscosmos)
Launching State: Soviet Union/Russia
Location: Unkown
Latitude: N/A
Longitude: N/A
Launch Date: 29 May 1974, 08:57:00 UT
Landing Date: N/A
Objects on or Related to Site:
Luna 22
Image Source: NASA

Description

In addition to its primary mission of surface photography, Luna 22 also performed investigations to determine the chemical composition of the lunar surface, recorded meteoroid activity, searched for a lunar magnetic field, measured solar and cosmic radiation flux, and continued studies of the irregular magnetic field.

Read more:
https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/luna-22/in-depth/

Heritage Consideration

The spacecraft made many orbit adjustments over its 18-month lifetime in order to optimize the operation of various experiments,

Object on or Related to Site

Object Name: Luna 22
Cospar: 1974-037A
Norad: N/A
Location: Precise location unknown or undisclosed.
Launch Date: 29 May 1974, 08:57:00 UT
Landing Date: N/A
Deployment: N/A
End Date: November 1974
Function: Lunar imaging.
Image Source: NASA

Description

Luna 22 was a lunar orbiter mission. The spacecraft carried imaging cameras and also had the objectives of studying the Moon’s magnetic field, surface gamma ray emissions and composition of lunar surface rocks, and the gravitational field, as well as micrometeorites and cosmic rays. Luna 22 was launched into Earth parking orbit and then to the moon. It was inserted into a circular lunar orbit on 2 June 1974. The spacecraft made many orbit adjustments over its 18 month lifetime in order to optimize the operation of various experiments, lowering the perilune to as little as 25 km. Maneuvering fuel was exhausted on 2 September and the mission was ended in early November.

Read more:
https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1974-037A

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Luna 24: Lunar Landing
Luna 24 was the third Soviet attempt to land at the site of a large mass concentration on the Moon, obtain a soil sample down to about 6.6 feet (2 meters) beneath the lunar surface, and return it to Earth.
Luna 23: Lunar Landing
Luna 23 was to drill 2.5 meters below the lunar surface (compared to the 0.3-m depth of the cores sampled by Luna 16 and 20) and return a sample of the soil to Earth.
Luna 21: Lunar Landing
Luna 21's mission was to deliver the rover Lunokhod 2 to the Moon. The lander carried a bas relief of Lenin and the Soviet coat-of-arms. Richard Garriott purchased both the Luna 21 lander and the Lunakhod 2 rover from the Soviet Union.
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