Mission Details

Mission Name: Ranger 7
Mission Type: Lunar Impact
Operator: NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
Launching State: United States
Location: Mare Cognitum
Latitude: -10.63
Longitude: -20.55
Launch Date: 28 July 1964, 16:50:00 UT
Landing Date: 31 July 1964, 16:50:00 UT
Objects on or Related to Site:
Ranger 7
Image Source: NASA

Description

The Ranger project of the 1960s was a US effort to launch probes directly toward the Moon. The spacecraft were designed to relay pictures and other data as they approached the Moon and finally crash-landed into its surface. A variety of difficulties plagued the first several attempted missions in this series, but the later Rangers were finally a complete success.

The mission of Ranger 7 was to take high-resolution photographs of the Moon before impacting the lunar surface.

Read more:
https://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/past/ranger.html
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/ranger-7/

Heritage Consideration

The images taken by Ranger 7 helped scientists conclude the Apollo astronauts could safely land in the smooth mare regions (the “seas”) of the Moon.

Object on or Related to Site

Object Name: Ranger 7
Cospar: 1964-007A
Norad: N/A
Location: Precise location unknown or undisclosed.
Launch Date: 28 July 1964, 16:50:00 UT
Landing Date: 31 July 1964, 16:50:00 UT
Deployment: N/A
End Date: N/A
Function: Lunar imagery.
Image Source: NASA

Description

Launched on July 28, 1964, Ranger 7 was designed to achieve a lunar-impact trajectory and to transmit high-resolution photographs of the lunar surface during the final minutes of flight up to impact. Ranger 7 transmitted over 4,300 photographs during the final 17 minutes of its flight.

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Ranger 9: Lunar Impact
Ranger 9 was the last of the Ranger series of spacecraft launched in the 1960s to explore the moon and was designed to image and impact the moon's crater Alphonsus, which was thought to be the site of recent lunar volcanic activity.
Ranger 8: Lunar Impact
The mission of Ranger 8 was to take high-resolution photographs of the Moon before impacting the lunar surface. Ranger 8 impacted the Moon about 15 miles (24 kilometers) from its target in the Sea of Tranquility, the area where Apollo 11 landed July 20, 1969, bringing the first humans to
Ranger 6: Lunar Impact
Ranger 6 was principally designed to transmit high-resolution photographs of the Moon before impacting the lunar surface. The spacecraft carried six television videocon cameras, however, due to a failure of the camera system, no images were returned.
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