United States — NASA
Apollo 11: Crewed Lunar Landing

Mission Details

Mission Name: Apollo 11
Mission Type: Crewed Lunar Lander
Operator: NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
Launching State: United States
Location: Sea of Tranquillity
Latitude: 0.67322
Longitude: 23.47315
Launch Date: 16 July 1969, 13:32:00 UT
Landing Date: 20 July 1969, 20:17:40 UT
Crew: Neil Armstrong, commander; Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., lunar module pilot; Michael Collins, command module pilot
Objects on or Related to Site:
Lunar Module Eagle (Descent Stage)
Messages of Peace
Spring Scales (two left on site)
Scongs
Hasselblad Data Camera
Hasselblad Lunar Surface Superwide Angle Cameras
Lunar Surface Close-up Steroscopic Camera
Solar Wind Composition Staff
Arm rests (four on site)
Handle of Contingency Lunar Sample Return Container
Small Scoop
Trenching Tool
Mesa Bracket
Document Sample Box Seal
Film Magazines (two sets left on site)
Storage Container Empty
Tripod
Handle/Cable Assembly for Television Camera
York Mesh Packing Material
SWC Bag (extra)
Core Tube Bits (two left on site)
Environment Sample Containers “O” Rings (two left on site)
Sample Return Container Seal Protectors (two left on site)
ESC Bracket
OPS Brackets (two left on site)
Stainless Steel Cover
Left Hand Side Stowage Compartment
Insulating Blanket
Small Aluminum Capsule
Passive Seismic Experiment
Gold Olive Branch
Flag Kit
Apollo 1 Patch
Cosmonaut Medals
Lunar Module Eagle (Ascent Stage)
Laser Range Reflector
Plaque
Filter, Polarizing
Portable Life Support Systems (PLSS) (two left on site)
Remote Control Units for PLSS (two left on site)
Defecation Collection Device (Four left on site)
Lunar Overshoes (two pairs left on site)
Pressure Garment Assembly Gas Connector Covers (two left on site)
Lunar Equipment Conveyor Waist Tether Kit
Lunar Equipment Conveyor (LEC)
Bag, Deployment, Life Line
Bag for Lunar Equipment Conveyor (LEC)
Life Line, lightweight
Lunar Equipment Conveyor Waist Tether for Extra Vehicular Activity
Food Assembly (4 crew days), Beef and Vegetables
Food Assembly (4 crew days), Day 3 Meal
Food Assembly (4 crew days), Peaches
TV Subsystem
Lunar Television Camera
Wide Angle Television Lens
Wide Angle Television Lens
Television Cable Assembly (100ft)
Adapter, SRC/OPS (two left on site)
ECS LiOH Cannister (two left on site)
Small Urine Collection Assembly (two left on site)
Large Urine Collection Assembly (two left on site)
Emesis Bag (four left on site)
Disposal Container Assembly
Disposal Container Assembly
PLSS Condensate Container
S-Band Antenna
Cable for S-Band Antenna
Lunar Equipment Transfer Bag
Pallet assembly #1
Central Station
Pallet Assembly #2
Primary structure assembly
Hammer
Large Lunar Sample Scoop
Extension Handle
Tongs
Gnomon (Excludes mount)
Early Apollo Scientific Experiments Package
Image Source: NASA

Description

The mission of the Apollo program was to perform a crewed lunar landing. The first four flights, including Apollo 10, tested the equipment used to ultimately place humans on the lunar surface.

The first Apollo flight happened in 1968. The first Moon landing took place in 1969. The last Moon landing was in 1972. A total of twelve humans walked on the Moon as a result of the Apollo program. The astronauts conducted scientific research, studied the lunar surface and collected Moon rocks to bring back to Earth.

Per NASA: “The primary objective of Apollo 11 was to complete a national goal set by President John F. Kennedy on May 25, 1961: perform a crewed lunar landing and return to Earth.

Additional flight objectives included scientific exploration by the lunar module, or LM, crew; deployment of a television camera to transmit signals to Earth; and deployment of a solar wind composition experiment, seismic experiment package and a Laser Ranging Retroreflector.

During the exploration, the two astronauts were to gather samples of lunar-surface materials for return to Earth. They also were to extensively photograph the lunar terrain, the deployed scientific equipment, the LM spacecraft, and each other, both with still and motion picture cameras. This was to be the last Apollo mission to fly a “free-return” trajectory, which would enable a return to Earth with no engine firing, providing a ready abort of the mission at any time prior to lunar orbit insertion.”

Read more:
https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo11.html


Heritage Consideration

The Apollo 11 site contain the bootprints of the first human steps ever taken on another celestrial body besides Earth. Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edward “Buzz” Aldrin left a number of items on the site including a disc with messages of peace from the leaders of 74 Earth nations. Astronaut Michael Collins was the Command Module pilot and orbited the Moon while Aldrin and Armstrong were on its surface.

Object on or Related to Site

Object Name: Lunar Module Eagle (Descent Stage)
Cospar: 1969-059C
Norad: N/A
Location: 0.67408˚ N, 23.47297˚ E
Launch Date: 16 July 1969, 13:32:00 UT
Landing Date: 20 July 1969, 20:17:40 UT
Deployment: N/A
End Date: 22 July 1969, [time to be inserted]
Function: The Saturn V rocket consisted of a 3-stage launching system. The third stage, the SIVB, was used to propel the docked Apollo Command Module and Lunar Module from Earth orbit into lunar trajectory.
Image Sources: NASA and the Air and Space Museum Smithsonian Institution

Description

Per the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum, the lunar module had two stages:

1. A silver-and-black ascent stage, containing the crew’s pressurized compartment and the clusters of rockets that controlled the spacecraft.

2. A gold-and-black descent stage, similar to the ascent stage, containing a main, centrally located rocket engine and tanks of fuel and oxidizer. The descent (lower) stage was equipped with a rocket motor to slow the rate of descent to the lunar surface. It contained exploration equipment and remained on the Moon when the astronauts left. The ascent (upper) stage contained the crew compartment and a rocket motor to return the astronauts to the orbiting command module. After the crew entered the command module for the trip back to Earth, the lunar module was released and eventually crashed into the Moon. To rejoin the command module, the astronauts fired the ascent-stage rocket engine and lifted off, leaving the descent stage on the Moon. The ascent stage met and docked with the command module in lunar orbit. The ascent stage then was programmed to crash into the Moon.

A commemorative plaque is affixed to the ladder on the descent stage of the Apollo 11 Lunar Landing Module. Each of the Apollo lunar landing missions included a similar plaque. The plaque is stainless steel and measures 22.9 by 19.4 centimeters. The plaque bears the inscription: “Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the moon, July 1969 A.D. We came in peace for all mankind.” It also bears the signatures of astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin”Buzz” Aldrin, Michael Collins and United States President Richard Nixon. Pictures of the two hemispheres of Earth are also depicted on the plaque.

Read more:
https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/apollo-to-the-moon/online/apollo-11/about-the-spacecraft.cfm

Object on or Related to Site

Object Name: Messages of Peace
Cospar: N/A
Norad: N/A
Location: Precise location unknown or undisclosed.
Launch Date: 16 July 1969, 13:32:00 UT
Landing Date: 21 July 1969, 20:17:40 UT
Deployment: 21 July 1969, [time to be inserted]
End Date: N/A
Function: Symbolic.
Image Source: NASA

Description

A small silicon disc carrying messages of goodwill from leaders of 74 countries around the world was left on the Moon by the Apollo 11 astronauts. Each message – some handwritten, others typed – was reduced 200 times to a size much smaller than the head of a pin and appears on the disc as a barely visible dot. The disc remains on the lunar surface, protected within an aluminum capsule.

Read more:
https://www.forallmoonkind.org/moonkind-mission/messages-of-peace/
https://history.nasa.gov/ap11-35ann/goodwill/Apollo_11_material.pdf

Object on or Related to Site

Object Name: Spring Scales (two left on site)
Cospar: N/A
Norad: N/A
Location: Precise location unknown or undisclosed.
Launch Date: 16 July 1969, 13:32:00 UT
Landing Date: 21 July 1969, 20:17:40 UT
Deployment: 21 July 1969, [time to be inserted]
End Date: N/A
Function: Weigh material.
Image Sources: NASA and Air and Space Museum Smithsonian Institute

Description

There were strict limits on the weight of materials that could be loaded into the lunar module and returned to Earth. On Apollo 11 and 12 a heavier scale was used, replaced on later missions by a more compact device.

Object on or Related to Site

Object Name: Scongs
Cospar: N/A
Norad: N/A
Location: Precise location unknown or undisclosed.
Launch Date: 16 July 1969, 13:32:00 UT
Landing Date: 21 July 1969, 20:17:40 UT
Deployment: 21 July 1969, [time to be inserted]
End Date: N/A
Function: Collect samples.
Image Sources: NASA and Air and Space Museum Smithsonian Institute

Description

Combination scoop-and-tong for obtaining small samples of soil and rocks.

Suggested
Suggested contents and articles.
Suggested Contents
Apollo 17: Crewed Lunar Landing
Scientific objectives of the Apollo 17 mission included, geological surveying and sampling of materials and surface features in a preselected area of the Taurus-Littrow region; deploying and activating surface experiments; and conducting in-flight experiments and photographic tasks during lunar orbit and transearth coast.
Apollo 12: Crewed Lunar Landing
The primary mission objectives of the second crewed lunar landing included an extensive series of lunar exploration tasks by the lunar module, or LM, crew, as well as the deployment of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package, or ALSEP, which was to be left on the moon's surface to gather
Apollo 10: Crewed Lunar Orbit
The Apollo 10 mission encompassed all aspects of an actual crewed lunar landing, except the landing. It was the first to operate around the Moon. Objectives included a scheduled eight-hour lunar orbit of the separated lunar module, or LM, and descent to about nine miles off the Moon's surface before
Comments
All comments.
Comments