United States — NASA
Apollo 11: Crewed Lunar Landing

Object on or Related to Site

Object Name: Tongs
Cospar: N/A
Norad: N/A
Location: Precise location unknown or undisclosed.
Launch Date: 16 July 1969, 13:32:00 UT
Landing Date: 20 July 1969, 20:17:40 UT
Deployment: 21 July 1969, [time to be inserted]
End Date: N/A
Function: Tongs were used for collecting small rocks (less than 6-10 in. in diameter). Their reach compensated for the difficulty posed by the inflexibility of the astronauts’ space suit in bending over to pick up samples.
Image Sources: NASA and Air and Space Museum Smithsonian Institute.

Description

These so-called “short” tongs were used on the early Apollo missions (11-14) and were carried by the astronauts on fasteners attached to the waist of the lunar space suit. Later missions used longer, 32-inch tongs. This artifact was used during simulations and training.

Read more:
https://airandspace.si.edu/collection-objects/tongs-short

Object on or Related to Site

Object Name: Gnomon (Excludes mount)
Cospar: N/A
Norad: N/A
Location: Precise location unknown or undisclosed.
Launch Date: 16 July 1969, 13:32:00 UT
Landing Date: 20 July 1969, 20:17:40 UT
Deployment: 21 July 1969, [time to be inserted]
End Date: N/A
Function: A gnomon is used to indicate time.
Image Source: NASA

Description

A gnomon is a gimbaled stadia rod mounted on a tripod so that the rod was free to point vertically. When deployed on the lunar surface, the shadow cast by the staff indicated sun angle and, therefore, direction. The rod length and the painted scale provided a reference for estimating the sizes of nearby objects. Shades of gray on the rod ranged in reflectivity from 5% to 35% and a color scale enabled more accurate determination of rock and soil colors by comparison.

Read more:
https://airandspace.si.edu/collection-objects/gnomon-lunar-apollo-0

Object on or Related to Site

Object Name: Early Apollo Scientific Experiments Package
Cospar: N/A
Norad: N/A
Location: 0.67322,23.47315
Launch Date: 16 July 1969, 13:32:00 UT
Landing Date: 20 July 1969, 20:17:40 UT
Deployment: 21 July 1969, [time to be inserted]
End Date: N/A
Function: A package of three experiments.
Image Source: NASA

Description

The package consisted of three experiments:A Laser Ranging Retroreflector

  1. A Laser Ranging Retroreflector
  2. Passive Seismic Experiment
  3. Solar Wind Composition Experiment.

Read more:
https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/apollo-to-the-moon/online/science/scientific-experiments.cfm

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Apollo 12: Crewed Lunar Landing
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Apollo 10: Crewed Lunar Orbit
The Apollo 10 mission encompassed all aspects of an actual crewed lunar landing, except the landing. It was the first to operate around the Moon. Objectives included a scheduled eight-hour lunar orbit of the separated lunar module, or LM, and descent to about nine miles off the Moon's surface before
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