|Mission Name: Apollo 14
|Mission Type: Crewed Lunar Lander
|Operator: NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
|Launching State: United States
|Location: Fra Mauro Base
|Launch Date: 31 January 1971, 21:03:02 UT
|Landing Date: 5 February 1971, 09:18:11 UTC
|Crew: Alan B. Shepard Jr., commander; Edgar D. Mitchell, lunar module pilot; Stuart A. Roosa, command module pilot
|Objects on or Related to Site:
|Image Source: NASA
The mission of the Apollo program was to perform a crewed lunar landing. The first four flights, including Apollo 10, tested the equipment used to ultimately place humans on the lunar surface.
The first Apollo flight happened in 1968. The first Moon landing took place in 1969. The last Moon landing was in 1972. A total of twelve humans walked on the Moon as a result of the Apollo program.
Per NASA: The primary objectives of this mission were to explore the Fra Mauro region centered around deployment of the Apollo Lunar Surface Scientific Experiments Package, or ALSEP; lunar field geology investigations; collection of surface material samples for return to Earth; deployment of other scientific instruments not part of ALSEP; orbital science involving high-resolution photography of candidate future landing sites; photography of deep-space phenomena, such as zodiacal light and gegenschein; communications tests using S-band and VHF signals to determine reflective properties of the lunar surface; engineering and operational evaluation of hardware and techniques; tests to determine variations in S-band signals; and photography of surface details from 60 nautical miles in altitude.
Third crewed mission to land on the Moon and the first to land in the lunar highlands. Command Module Pilot Stuart Roosa orbited the Moon while astronauts Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell were on its surface. Alan Shepard became the first human to shank a golf ball on another celestial body besides Earth.