|Mission Name: Apollo 17|
|Mission Type: Crewed Lunar Lander|
|Operator: NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)|
|Launching State: United States|
|Launch Date: 7 December 1972, 05:33:00 UT|
|Landing Date: 11 December 1972, 19:54:57 UT|
|Crew: Eugene A. Cernan, commander; Harrison H. Schmitt, lunar module pilot; Ronald E. Evans, command module pilot|
|Objects on or Related to Site:|
|Image Source: NASA|
The mission of the Apollo program was to perform a crewed lunar landing.
The first four flights, including Apollo 10, tested the equipment used to ultimately place humans on the lunar surface. The first Apollo flight happened in 1968. The first Moon landing took place in 1969. The last Moon landing was in 1972. A total of twelve humans walked on the Moon as a result of the Apollo program. The astronauts conducted scientific research, studied the lunar surface and collected Moon rocks to bring back to Earth.
Per NASA: Scientific objectives of the Apollo 17 mission included, geological surveying and sampling of materials and surface features in a preselected area of the Taurus-Littrow region; deploying and activating surface experiments; and conducting in-flight experiments and photographic tasks during lunar orbit and transearth coast. These objectives included deployed experiments, such as the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package, or ALSEP, with a heat flow experiment; lunar seismic profiling, or LSP; lunar surface gravimeter, or LSG; lunar atmospheric composition experiment, or LACE; and lunar ejecta and meteorites, or LEAM. The mission also included lunar sampling and lunar orbital experiments. Biomedical experiments included the Biostack II experiment and the BIOCORE experiment.
Considered one of the most well-documented missions in human history, Apollo 17 hosted the first scientist in space, geologist Harrison Schmitt.